Erstwhile heart of the Inca Empire, Peru is emerging from the green jungle and the Andes covered with her state on the west coast of South America, bordering Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia and Chile. It is a paradise for nature lovers and adventure - at the same time communing with them to provide traversing lush rainforests and exploration there encountered the mysterious pre-Columbian ruins.
Peru is the quintessential treasures citadel of Machu Picchu (the Inca language of Quechua name that means Old Mountain), built centuries ago, high above the jungle, on the sunny peaks of the Andes. View swathed in clouds ruined city of Machu Picchu is one of the most spectacular on earth. This place is the culmination of Inca Trail - a scenic route, drawn along the original Inca roads, well-preserved and which are popular hiking trail through the incredibly lush moist forests.
It is not known exactly what it was Machu Picchu, although beautiful and very secluded location, a dense network of watchtowers and a very small number of people have suggested ... an exclusive holiday resort for Inca personalities.
Another two famous, mysterious tidbits can be found in the vast Peruvian plateaus. On one of them, Altiplano, is the largest alpine lake in the world - Titicaca. The waters of the lake are home to the Indians inhabiting the floating islands, built entirely of reeds, between which you can move on reed boats. Perhaps it is the heirs of the civilization of Atlantis, whose capital, according to some hypotheses, housed on a similar lake on the same plateau in neighboring Bolivia, a reed boats to reach the coast of Egypt ...
The second mystery is hidden in the desert of Nazca. Shallow lines, perfectly preserved by dry and windless climate of the plateau, seemingly looking like a complex web of winding paths, bird's eye view of giant figures reveal hundreds of birds, spiders, monkeys, fish and other creatures. It is not known how they made so precise drawings so huge, and most importantly: who has to watch them.
Capital city and gateway to the mysteries of this Lima - a huge metropolis on the Pacific coast, founded by conquistador Francisco Pizarro, which has preserved many historical monuments, both colonial and from the era before the conquest. Arriving in Peru must remember the location of the country near the equator - which the sun operates very strongly - and the often high altitudes of land, which include getting used before wandering.
An interesting way to altitude sickness can chew (formula inhabitants) of coca leaves - it is not a drug, the use of leaf is legal and an important part of Peruvian culture and coca leaves themselves are a component of the recipe for Coca-Cola. While traveling through the country you can buy high-end clothing and blankets from alpaca wool - nice and original souvenir of Peru. Come and visit this beautiful and intriguing country, come close to his hidden secrets and see for yourself the wonders of snow of the Andes.
Currency: Nuevo Sol (PEN)