Cyprus lies in the eastern part of the Mediterranean, off the coast of Turkey and Syria. It is often said that it is the mildest and sunniest climates in the Mediterranean island. It is full of contrasts - Troodos mountains, covered with pine forests, you can find respite in the summer heat, while the coastal beaches are always bathed in sunlight. With numerous small villages, which look as if time had stopped them many years ago, adjacent to the modern recreational centers, designed for tourists from almost all over the world. The island has a centuries-long history, from the Neolithic period, for a period of bronze, Hellenistic, the Roman, Byzantine, Venetian. For several hundred years it was under Turkish rule. In 1878 the governments of Cyprus adopted by the British, turning it into a colony. Only gained independence in 1960, but in the 70s there was a Turkish invasion, the effect of which is still ongoing division of the island on the part of independent and located under Turkish occupation, which created a separate state. Numerous monuments reflect the turbulent history of Cyprus. Tourists interested in history can visit many interesting places, including the remains of settlements from the second millennium BC, theaters carved into the rocks of the Greek and Roman times, fortresses from the time of the Crusades, Byzantine monasteries.
Most visitors come here, however, because of the great beaches and great weather. Calculated as an average of the year is more than 300 days of sunshine, and the maritime climate of the island makes the summer heat is not as annoying as in the south of Spain and Italy. The most popular beaches are located in the area of Coral Beach and Agia Napa. Virtually every beachfront hotel provides equipment for all water sports: windsurfing, kayaking, scuba diving, water skiing, sailing. You can also explore the interior of the island, one of dozens of hiking trails, specially prepared provided for the Cyprus Tourism Bureau.
The main centers in Cyprus are: Nicosia - the capital of the state, a city with 1000 years of history. It has a center of the old walled city built by the Venetians in the sixteenth century in the shape of a star. There are many museums m.in: Cyprus Archaeological Museum, the Museum of the Jewellery, Cyprus Mint Museum, the Byzantine Museum. The city is now divided by the Green Line, patrolled by UN troops, on the part of the Cypriot and Turkish. Limassol - the second largest city of Cyprus, is the center of the wine industry and a lively seaside resort. Two held here on the island's most famous festivals: Carnival (famous for its imaginative creations of participants) and Wine (in September). The city was created from the merger of two ancient settlements of Amathus and Kourion. In both archaeological works are carried out and Kourion preserved in excellent condition theater, which to this day is the setting for summer concerts and performances. In the Middle Ages in Limassol, King Richard the Lionheart married to a Spanish princess and proclaimed her the Queen of England. A remnant of the Crusades is a wonderfully preserved medieval castle of Kolossi.
Paphos - is the capital of the western part of the island. Its central point is a beautiful fishing port near Fort Paphos and the surrounding tourist district. Legend says that it was here that emerged from the sea foam of the goddess Aphrodite. The huge rock called the Rock of the Greek is in the place of mythical birth. The most worth seeing sights in the city is the famous mosaic from the Roman inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. In Paphos is the column at which he was scourged St. Paul during one of his first evangelistic mission. Troodos Mountains - are a great contrast to the coastal areas of Paphos and
Limassol. The highest peak is Mount Olympus with a height of 1952 m above sea level in the mountains, where the air is fresh and slightly cooler, you can take a break from intense sun beaches and enjoy the beautiful scenery. To watch here until 9 Byzantine churches inscribed on the UNESCO list and numerous villages where time seems to flow more slowly, and the locals are very welcoming. Each village produces a different product, which is famous for, eg. Fruit, sweets, wine. In the mountains prepared to overcome the many trails on foot or mountain bike and.
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