Tanzanian island of Zanzibar is a large east coast of Africa. Inhabited for a thousand years - for the first time by the Persians - was over the centuries a Portuguese colony, Omani sultanate, the earth and the British crown - by just half a year - an independent state. Finally, along with the federation created Tanganyika Tanzania (the United Republic of Tanzania), which symbolizes the name formed from the initial syllables of the names of the two countries. Known as the Spice Island, Zanzibar is still very exotic corner of the world, the venue heritage of Africa, Arabia, and the colonial powers, oriental land surrounded by some of the most beautiful beaches in the world still pristine coral reef and phenomenal.
There are no large wild animals in Zanzibar, and forest areas such as Jozani are inhabited by monkeys, bush-pigs and small antelopes. Civets – and rumour has it, the elusive Zanzibar leopard! Various species of mongoose can also be found on the island. There is a wide variety of birdlife, and a large number of butterflies in rural areas. The coral reefs that surround the East Coast are rich in marine diversity, and make Zanzibar an ideal location for snorkelling and scuba diving.
Zanzibar is an archipelago made up of Zanzibar and Pemba Islands, and several islets. It is located in the Indian Ocean, about 25 miles from the Tanzanian coast, and 6° south of the equator. Zanzibar Island (known locally as Unguja, but as Zanzibar internationally) is 60 miles long and 20 miles wide, occupying a total area of approximately 650 square miles.
Currency - Tanzanian schilling (TZS).
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