Established in 1964 with the merger of two former colonies: Tanganyika and Zanzibar. The land is almost three times higher than the Polish and is 948 087 square kilometers and is inhabited by almost 36 million inhabitants. The primary language used by the local population is Swahili, and the official language - English. The capital is the city of Dar es Salaam. Tanzania is one of the few African countries south of the Sahara, where a large part of the population (35 - 40 per cent.), are Muslims. On the island of Zanzibar Muslims is up 99 percent residents. The main source of income is agriculture and tourism. Tanzania's most important tourist asset is the ability to watch wild animals in their natural habitat.
In this country is as much as 12 national parks, 14 nature reserves, the area known as the Ngorongoro Conservation Area and marine protected areas. Most of the animals that can be seen in the parks: Serengetti, Selous, Ruaha, Ngorongoro. These are typical representatives of the savannah: wildebeest, zebras, lions, giraffes, elephants, rhinos, leopards, buffaloes. On Lake Tanganyika in Gombe National Park Steam, a large population of chimpanzees living in neighboring Uganda, Bwindi National Park - a rare mountain gorillas.
Highlights: Zanzibar - often called the "fragrant island" because of the numerous plantations, producing the cloves, nutmeg, cinnamon, saffron. Island in the nineteenth century it was known in the world with glorious little reason - the slave trade. Were sent here from all over central Africa and then transported their ships to the Middle East. Today, the island is famous for its beautiful sandy beaches, surrounded with turquoise waters of the Indian Ocean. The local coral reefs attract diving enthusiasts from around the world. Kilimanjaro - the highest mountain in Africa, which in terms of geology is a young volcano. On its slopes you can trace the layers of vegetation; of savanna through the rainforest, to the zone of eternal snow. Every year more than 10 thousand tourists trying to go to the top of it, which is located at an altitude of 5895 m above sea level Reserve Ngorongoro - formed in the crater of a long extinct volcano. It was once part of the Serengeti National Park and now has its own special status. Crater wall rises to a height of over 2 thousand. meters and a small area home to thousands of animals, among them belonging to the so-called "Big Five". In the shallow waters of the lake are thousands of flamingos Magedi. Ngorongoro is since 1978, UNESCO World Heritage Site. Ruaha National Park - located away from the cities and airports, allows you to relax away from the crowds. Its southern boundary is the River Great Ruaha. The park has 13 thousand km2, limited to the south and west by mountains reaching up to a height of 1,900 meters. Huge areas are still virgin territory even where no human foot has stopped, and tourists stop at accommodation in only a few locations. In the rainy season dirt roads almost cease to exist. Ruaha is the park to visit, you need to spend at least a few days. Great Ruaha River is a popular place to live for hippos and crocodiles. In the park is also rich in elephants - it is estimated that it could be up to 12 000 units.
Climate in Tanzania have two rainy seasons; longer - from March to June, during which rainfall is intense and often accompany and tropical storms and shorter - from November to January, when rainfall is much smaller. The highest temperatures prevail throughout the year on the coast of the ocean, for example, the average temperature in July and August, there are 24 ° C and in March of 28 ° C. Inland temperatures are more moderate, moderately in July is 14 ° C, and in March of 18 ° C.
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Currency: Tanzanian shilling (TZS).
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