Argentina owes its name to the silver (lat. Argentum) which Indians donated arrived at the beginning of the sixteenth century. Spaniards. In 1816, when Spanish troops were forced out, Argentina became an independent state, but was repeatedly beset by rebellions, crises and coups. 1826 is the nation's capital Buenos Aires. Argentine landscape is very diverse - 45% of the area is lowlands, in this extremely fertile Pampa, which is one of the best natural farmland in the world. The capital of the state - Buenos Aires - lies in the Plain of La Plata, the largest estuary on Earth, connecting the Parana and Uruguay rivers in one gigantic mouth, defining the border between Argentina and Uruguay. Further south it is housed wild Patagonian Plateau, and further remote and harsh Tierra del Fuego. Along the western border stretch the majestic Andes, with its highest peak - Aconcagua (6962 m), which is also the highest peak in the Americas. Argentina's main natural resources are: natural gas, crude oil, coal and ore many metals. Many crops, including cotton and oilseeds, as well as raising cattle and sheep are a very important branch of the economy. Polonia living in Argentina counts more than 150 thousand. people, of which the largest part is settled in the capital of the country; in Buenos Aires, she lived for many years among Witold Gombrowicz. The capital of Argentina is the third largest city in South America - increased only Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. There is one of the busiest streets in the world, with 16 lanes wide Avenida 9 Julio, crowned with the famous 67-meter obelisk. Visiting Buenos Aires usually begins with the oldest and most famous square, the Plaza de Mayo, the home of the Casa Rosada, or Pink House, home of the president. Worth seeing Municipal Museum and the National Museum of Fine Arts, with works by Renoir, Gauguin, Monet, and Van Gogh Museum, the Cathedral, Recoleta cemetery or the picturesque districts: the extremely colorful La Boca and San Telmo art from the eighteenth century, the oldest in the church of St. Ignatius. A visit to Buenos Aires is the perfect greeting Argentina, which should look for the hidden beauty in the far south of the continent. Patagonia unusual invariably attracts visitors looking to reach the end of the world. With its captivating, rugged landscape, this solitary, very close to the Antarctic region is the goal of expeditions during which you can meet the ocean animals such as seals, penguins or whales awe-inspiring. Argentina also inhabited by various species of other animals - llamas, jaguars, piranhas, toucans and hummingbirds, and the country abounds in numerous national parks. When you get to Patagonia remains one adventure: continue longer just Tierra del Fuego, the same edge of the world - literally, because here lies the southernmost city of the globe, Ushuaia, at the end of the bay . Currency: Peso (ARS) Do you like this destination? For more detailed information please contact us using the contact form or telephoning +377 97 97 43 78. Our travel consultants will be pleased to provide you with our recommendations.